What is The Difference Between Stem Cell Therapy and PRP (Platelet Rich Plasma)?

Stem cell therapy and Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) therapy are both regenerative medicine treatments. They encourage your body to use its natural abilities to heal injuries or other types of tissue damage or inflammation. Adult stem cells are found in most tissues in the adult body. Platelet rich plasma (PRP) therapy uses the liquid portion of blood (plasma) which includes a higher concentration of platelets — the part of your blood which contributes to blood clotting and healing.

How does adult stem cell therapy work?

Adult stem cell therapy uses an in-office procedure and your own blood. You receive processed blood that is injected into an area that requires healing.

BackFit Health + Spine uses undifferentiated stem cells from your own blood. The stem cells can encourage your body’s healing process. If stem cells are injected into a joint where you have chronic pain, your body can be encouraged to begin its own healing process.

How does platelet rich plasma (PRP) therapy work?

Platelets are components of your blood that contribute to blood clotting. They also contain growth factors, other types of protein that play an important role in healing.

PRP therapy uses your own blood, which is drawn in the office. The blood is spun in a centrifuge, which separates the blood cells from the liquid part of your blood: plasma. 

After your blood is spun in a centrifuge, the remaining plasma has a higher concentration of platelets than before. The “platelet rich plasma” is injected into an injury site.

The growth factors in the platelets contribute to your body’s own ability to heal. The effect is localized to the area where the plasma is injected. People may experience some swelling or even increased pain shortly after a PRP injection.

It can take time for the healing effects to show, but this is a normal outcome of PRP. Think of how a healing cut sometimes feels: it may swell and grow warm for a day or two before the swelling subsides and a scab forms.

Adult stem cell therapy using your own undifferentiated stem cells and PRP are both regenerative medicine techniques, because they help your body to heal itself. Adult stem cells can activate healing in joints, tendons, and other areas where tissue has been injured or has degenerated. PRP uses the growth factors in platelets to stimulate healing.

Research is ongoing into the benefits of both types of regenerative medicine. Research has shown promising results from PRP for knee pain and injuries. Athletes including Tiger Woods and Rafael Nadal have used PRP successfully. PRP and adult stem cell therapy both use your body’s own cells to promote its own healing abilities.

Backfit Health + Spine focuses on non-invasive pain management and treatment. PRP and adult stem cell therapy use your body’s own cells to promote your own healing abilities as an alternative to surgery. Contact us to schedule an appointment.

More About BackFit

Explore our locations, treatments, or our new patient offer below or contact one of the BackFit Family of staff to have your questions answered.

Find A Location Near You
Learn More About Your Symptoms
Explore Our Treatment Options


google logoBackFit Health + SpineBackFit Health + Spine
4.8 Stars - Based on 1302 User Reviews
facebook logoBackFit Health + SpineBackFit Health + Spine
4.9 Stars - Based on 72 User Reviews

Read what our patients are saying about us: