REGENERATIVE MEDICINE AN OPTION FOR PAIN MANAGEMENT
Regenerative medicine is a new and rapidly evolving field of pain management, where the body regenerates and repairs itself. The most popular modality of regenerative medicine is undoubtedly stem cell therapy.
Now, you may be wondering “What is regenerative medicine?” or “Which are the most common modalities in this field?”
Backfit Health + Spine has the answers:
- Stem Cells
- Amniotic Membrane
- Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP)
Stem cells are cells that can differentiate into specialized cells and can also divide to produce more stem cells. They include pluripotent (found in human embryos) and multipotent cells (Adult stem cells drawn from bone marrow, peripheral blood, placental blood and tissue, and adipose tissue). The first category can differentiate into any cell line, while the other can differentiate only to some. In the field of pain management, there are ongoing researches examining the possibilities of stem cell therapy for conditions, such as degenerative disk disease or osteoarthritis. At the moment, studies suggest relatively positive results, but further research will also be needed to specify the choice of the source of cells to use.
This membrane is composed of two cell types (human amnion epithelial cells and human amnion mesenchymal stromal cells). Both of them show stem cell-like characteristics and low immunogenicity. In pain management, research is generally focusing on its effects on repairing tissue damage or reducing inflammation.
Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP)
PRP therapy has been used in many fields of medicine including orthopedic and plastic surgery, sports medicine and pain management. The therapy involves the injection of a concentrate of platelets, autologous growth factors and secretory proteins into a given region. In pain management, it is most notably used for tendinopathy, tendonitis, muscle strain and fibrosis, and arthritis – just to name a few.