STEM CELL THERAPY AN OPTION FOR PAIN MANAGEMENT AND JOINT TREATMENT
Tissues of the body are made up of different cell types: muscle cells, and brains cells, to name just a few, which will eventually need to be replaced. They do so by individual cell division in order to create new cells of the same type. In some cases, by tracing the line of those specific cell types back far enough, it turns out that they came from cells that were not specific to the same type of body tissue. These are stem cells, which are often associated with embryos, and research on the use of embryonic stem cells has been a controversial topic. Of course, there are other types of stem cells as well some are present after birth, while others remain in the body in adulthood – adult stem cells).
Stem cell therapy is the utilization of the before mentioned cell types in order to treat certain conditions by delivering them where they are the most needed in the body. Once there, they specialize into the cells of the given tissue.
There are two different ways of doing this
- Autologous Stem Cell Treatment – when stem cells are drawn from the patient’s body to treat a certain condition.
- Stem Cell Allograft – Cells from a donor.
Current studies still assess different aspects of stem cell treatment, such as efficacy in pain management, while others focus on treating degeneration of joints – for arthritis, or for knees for example. Considering risk factors – like in any type of procedure –, there are risks associated, such as pain at the sites of extraction and injection, the possibility of infection or irritation.
So far, research results are promising with stem cell therapy in the field of tissue regeneration and pain management.